cfp: colonialism and ‘development’ in africa


We are interested in papers that address the following broad topics and themes: 

• The political economy of land grabbing
• The discourse and contested meaning of “empty lands”, “unoccupied lands” or “underused lands” 
• The role of multinational corporations, sovereign wealth funds (notably from Europe and the Gulf States), private equity funds as well as financial institutions in land grabbing
• The role of transnational institutions such as (World Bank, USAID, FAO, EU, African Development Bank etc..) in shaping the discourse of land deal politics
• The role of “south-south” land grabbing particularly by China, Brazil, India and South Africa
• The role of domestic capital, government investment corporations and local elites in land grabbing
• The presumed delivery of jobs, technological transfer and local development that arise from large-scale land deals
• The impact of land grabbing on poverty, local food security, landlessness and environmental degradation 
• The multitude of ways in which social movements contest land grabbing for the right to life and livelihoods, local resources, and sustainable development

More details here.

One Response to “cfp: colonialism and ‘development’ in africa”

  1. 1 Nalliah Thayabharan

    The effects of colonialism past and present are visible all over Africa. Africans are torn away from their past, propelled into a universe fashioned from outside that suppresses their values, and dumbfounded by a cultural invasion that marginalises them.

    Africa is the Mother of Humanity. Africa is the cradle of the first human civilisation and that for thousands of years…Africa was in the forefront of all world progress. The First Renaissance on this planet was the African Renaissance. Africa was “the first world” economically and technologically. Africans built the pyramids which even in this 21st century no one can reproduce.

    The “Atlantic” Ocean was called the Ethiopian Sea as late as 1626 and the so-called “Indian” Ocean the Azanian Sea. Azanians stimulated trade with the East. The people of Azania whose country colonialists called “South Africa” through the British imperialist Union of South Africa Act 1909; mined gold and copper in Mapungubwe as early as the 9th century.

    Africa has suffered the worst genocide and holocaust at the hands of the architects of slavery and colonialism. What is called “European Renaissance” was the worst darkness for Africa’s people. Armed with the technology of the gun and the compass it copied from China, Europe became a menace for Africa against her spears. So-called “civilised” Europe also claiming to be “Christian” came up with the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. There was massive loss of African population and skills. Some historians have estimated that the Gold Coast (today’s Ghana) alone, lost 5,OOO to 6,OOO of its people to slavery every year for 400 years.

    Prof. Walter Rodney asks a pertinent question: “What would have been Britain’s level of development had millions of her people been put to work as slaves out of their country over a period of four centuries?”

    As if slavery had not already done enough damage to Africa’s people, European leaders met in Germany from December 1884 to February 1885 at the imperialist Berlin Conference. The Belgian King Leopold stated the purpose of the Berlin Conference as “How we should divide among ourselves this magnificent African cake.”

    Africa was thus plunged into another human tragedy. Through the Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885, the European imperialists sliced Africa into “Portuguese Africa”, “British Africa”, “German Africa”, “Italian Africa,” “Spanish Africa”, “French Africa” and “Belgian Africa.” There was no Africa left for Africans except Ethiopia.

    Somalia, a tiny African country, had the misfortune of becoming “British Somaliland”, “Italian Somaliland”, and “French Somaliland.” Colonial brutality on the colonised Africans knew no bounds. Each village was ordered by the authorities to collect and bring in a certain amount of rubber – as much as the men could bring in by neglecting all work for their own maintenance.

    If they failed to bring the required amount, their women were taken away and kept as hostages in the harems of colonial government employees. If this method failed troops were sent to the village to spread terror, if necessary by killing some of the men they were ordered to bring one right hand amputated from an African victim for every cartridge used.

    The result of these atrocities was the reduction of the African population – In Congo from twenty million to nine million people in fifteen years.

    The worst genocide also occurred in Namibia in 1904. Namibia was then a German colony. The Herero people resisted German colonialism. A well armed army under General Lothar von Trotha defeated the Hereros at the Battle of Waterberg. The German colonial aggressors drove these Africans from their land to the desert where there was no water. Seventy percent of the Herero population died of dehydration in that desert. In South Africa the Khoisan people were exterminated by colonialists after being hunted like animals and dispossessed of their land.

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