Indigenous and settler (it depends on where one is): Patricia Tupou, Broken Islands / Moving Islands: Settler Colonialism and Oceanic Mobilities, MA Dissertation, University of Hawai’i, 2019


Abstract: This thesis discusses settler colonialism in Hawaiʻi, paying particular attention to the inclusion of Pacific Islanders as settlers within the discourse. In particular, I concentrate on Tongans in Hawaiʻi, whilst situating this work within a broader Oceanic literature couched within Pacific Islands Studies. By examining literature on indigeneity, settler colonialism, empire, and Indigenous politics, this thesis aims to extend Oceanic narratives that often exclude Hawaiʻi by reorienting our understanding of kinships in the Pacific. This thesis looks into concepts of land, mobility, identity and labor in Oceania through the movement of people, rocks and islands. Ultimately provoking new areas of inquiry within critiques of settler colonialism, but also asking how we should approach such new terrain. This thesis argues that to date, critiques of settler colonialism have failed to include Pacific Islanders and the mobilities of Pacific peoples within an Oceanic diaspora. Further, concepts of indigeneity as presented through a settler colonial analytic may work to undermine and occlude Pan-Pacific relationalities from being realized. Settler state cartographies and the multiple writings of landscapes further alienate connections between native and non-native Pacific Islanders within the settler states of Oceania. Therefore, this thesis offers a re-reading of space through rocks as sites and symbols of resistance and Oceanic connection.

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